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En perspectiva: Lina Bo Bardi

Escrito por Romullo Baratto | Traducido por Karina Duque

Hoy, 05 de diciembre, se celebra el día de nacimiento de la arquitecta italiano-brasileña Lina Bo Bardi (1914-1992).Una de las arquitectas más importantes y expresivas de la arquitectura brasileña del siglo XX. Lina estudió arquitectura en la Escuela de Arquitectura de la Universidad de Roma y, después de graduarse, se mudó a Milán, donde se convirtió en editora de la Revista Quiaderni di Domus después de haber trabajado para Gio Ponti.

Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial se enfrentó a un período difícil después de que su oficina fuera bombardeada. En este momento fundó, junto con Bruno Zevi, la publicación Cultura della Vita, y formó parte del Partido Comunista Italiano, llegando a conocer al crítico e historiador del arte Pietro Maria Bardi, con quien se mudó permanentemente a Brasil.

Fue en Brasil, viviendo en Río de Janeiro, donde Lina expandió su influencia, consolidando su importancia en el escenario de la arquitectura moderna desde el momento en que se trasladó a Sao Paulo debido a una invitación hecha a Pietro para fundar y dirigir el Museo de Arte São Paulo Assis Chateaubriand – MASP. Lina se destacó por comprender la cultura brasileña desde una perspectiva antropológica, atenta especialmente a la convergencia entre vanguardia estética y tradición popular.

En 1950 creó la revista Hábitat, y en 1951 diseñó su propia residencia, la famosa Casa de Vidrio en el barrio de Morumbi en Sao Paulo, considerada una de las obras paradigmáticas del racionalismo artístico en Brasil. En 1957 comenzó la construcción de la nueva sede del MASP de la Avenida Paulista, con una envergadura de 70 metros que protegen una plaza interior.Guarda esta imagen en tus favoritos

Al trasladarse a Salvador, por una invitación a dirigir el Museo de Arte Moderno de Bahía, gracias a su trayectoria con proyectos emblemáticos, entre los cuales se destacan la restauración de la Unhão Solar, un monumento del siglo XVIII catalogado como punto de referencia en la década de 1940, el edificio Sesc Pompéia en 1977, el Taller de Teatro de 1984 y la Casa do Chame-Chame.

Su obra, sin embargo, no incluye sólo el diseño arquitectónico, sino que también implica una puesta en escena de obras, bellas artes, diseño de muebles y diseño gráfico. Lina murió en 1992, en un momento de una rica producción en progreso y varios otros proyectos en mente.

“La arquitectura es creada, «inventada de nuevo», por cada hombre que anda en ella, que recorre su espacio, subiendo las escaleras, o descansando sobre una barandilla, levantando la cabeza para oler, abrir o cerrar una puerta, sentarse o levantarse a tener un contacto íntimo y al mismo tiempo crear «formas» en el espacio; el ritual primitivo desde el cual surge la danza, la primera expresión de lo que sería el drama. Este contacto íntimo, ardiente, que una vez fue percibido por el hombre, está ahora en el olvido. Los lugares habituales y comunes hicieron al hombre olvidar la belleza de su «movimiento en el espacio», su movimiento consciente, de mínimos gestos, de menos actitud…» – Lina Bo Bardi

Actualmente, todos los documentos de proyectos, fotografías, dibujos, modelos, bocetos, objetos, textos y películas de proyectos construidos y no construidos están en su colección en el Instituto Lina Bo y P. M. Bardi, ubicado en la residencia donde la pareja vivió durante décadas

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